America’s Engagement with the Muslim Peoples of Mindanao in the Early 1900s
by Carlo Jones Velayo
1. Primary Sources
A. Manuscripts, papers and collections
American Medical Association. AMA Deceased Physicians Masterfile. 1906-1969. Located in: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 556.
Charles W. Hack Collection
Accession #1926-29, Catalogue # 70.1/7743-7828
Department of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History
Charles W. Hack Papers
Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, D.C., USA
Charles W. Hack Journal – Part I, Box 1, Folder 6
Date range: July 25, 1901 – October 23,1902
Charles W. Hack Journal – Part II, Box 1, Folder 7
Date range: January 15 – July 28, 1903
John J. Pershing Papers, 1882-1971 (bulk 1904-1948)
Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, D.C., USA
Container 1: Notebooks 1882-1903
John J. Pershing Papers, Visual materials from the… [graphic] Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C., USA.
LOT 8850: Military installations and activities in the Philippines, ca. 1885-1925 [graphic]
LOT 10277: Encinas, D. 1904. Moros as seen in Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. Piang Studio, Zamboanga, Philippines
Unprocessed in PR 13 CN 1976:136, Container 3, Folder 7 [graphic]
Hugh Lenox Scott Papers, Visual materials from the… [graphic] Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. USA.
LOT 5613: Views of, and activities in, the Philippine Islands, 1900-20 [graphic]
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C., USA.
Image of Camp Malabang, LC-USZ62-51582 (b&w film copy neg.), Available at: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/cph26106/]
Record Group 395, Entry 2105: Department of Mindanao and Jolo, General Correspondence and record cards. 1900-1905
Box 1, Item 49B, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
Letter of Datu Dacula to General Kobbe on May 31, 1900
Letter of John J. Pershing to Datu Dacula on June 2, 1900
Department of South Philippines, Report of the Lieutenant-General Commanding the Army and Department Commanders, Annual Reports of the War Department, 1902, Volume IX (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1902), pp. 481-486.
2. Secondary Sources
Abinales, P. 2000, ‘From Orang Besar to Colonial Big Man: Datu Piang of Cotobato and the American Colonial State,’ in A.W. McCoy (ed), Lives at the Margin: Biography of Filipinos Obscure, Ordinary, and Heroic, Ateneo de Manila University Press, Philippines, pp. 193-227.
Anderson, W. 2006. Colonial pathologies: American tropical medicine, race, and hygiene in the Philippines. Duke University Press, Durham, USA
Angeles, F. D. 1964. Mindanao: the story of an island; a preliminary study. San Pedro Press, Davao City, Philippines
Canoy, R. R. 2001. The History of Mindanao. Cagayan de Oro City, Mindanao, Philippines
Casiño, E. S. 1981. ‘Arts and peoples of the southern Philippines,’ in Casal, G. et. al., The people and art of the Philippines. Museum of Cultural History, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
De La Cruz, E. and Baluyut, P. R. (eds) 1998. Confrontations, Crossings and Convergence: Photographs of the Philippines and the United States: 1898-1998. UCLA Asian American Studies Centre and UCLA Southeast Asia Program
Dening, G. 1996. Performances. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA
Encinas, D. 1904. Moros as seen in Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. Piang Studio, Zamboanga, Philippines. [Accessed in LOT 10277, John J. Pershing Papers, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division]
Fulton, R. 2007. Moroland, 1899-1906: America’s first attempt to transform an Islamic society. Tumalo Creek Press, Bend, Oregon, USA
Gowing, P. G. 1977. Mandate in Moroland: The American Government of Muslim Filipinos 1899-1920. Philippine Center for Advanced Studies, University of the Philippines System, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
____________1979. Muslim Filipinos: Heritage and Horizon. New Day Publishers, Quezon City, Philippines
Ileto, R. 2002, ‘The Filipino-American War: Friendship and Forgetting,’ in Shaw, A. V. and Francia, L. H. (eds), Vestiges of War: The Philippine-American War and the Aftermath of an Imperial Dream: 1899-1999. New York University Press, NY, USA
Kramer, P. A. 2006. The blood of government: race, empire, the United States, & the Philippines. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, USA
Kroeber, Alfred L. 1919. Peoples of the Philippines. American Museum of Natural History, Handbook series. no. 8. American Museum Press, New York, USA
Lucman, N. A. 2000, Moro archives: a history of armed conflicts in Mindanao and East Asia. FLC Press, Quezon City, Philippines
Magdalena, F. 2002. The Battle of Bayang and other essays on Moroland. Mamitua Saber Research Center, Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research & Extension, Mindanao State University, Marawi City, Philippines
____________ 2012, ‘Moro Resistance and Collaboration in Winning Mindanao Frontier’, paper presented at the 9th International Conference on Philippine Studies (ICOPHIL-9), Michigan State University, October 28-30, 2012.
Saleeby, N. M. 1905. Studies in Moro history, law, and religion. Manila, Bureau of Public Printing, Philippines
______________1913. The Moro problem: an academic discussion of the history and solution of the problem of the government of the Moros of the Philippine Islands. E. C. McCullough & co., Manila, Philippines
Stoler, A. L. 2009. Along the archival grain: epistemic anxieties and colonial common sense. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA
Tan, S. K. 2002. The Filipino-American War, 1899-1913. University of the Philippines Press, Quezon City, Philippines
____________ 2003. Filipino Muslim perceptions of their history and culture as seen through indigenous written sources. SKT Publications, Zamboanga City, Philippines
Trouillot, M. 1995. Silencing the past: power and the production of history. Beacon Press, Boston, USA
Vergara, B. M. 1995. Displaying Filipinos: Photography and colonialism in early 20th century Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, Philippines
B. Dissertations and Theses
Ileto, R. C. 1971. ‘Magindanao, 1860-1888: the career of Datu Uto of Buayan’, MA thesis, Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., USA
Mednick, M. 1965. ‘Encampment of the lake: the social organization of a Moslem-Philippine (Moro) people’, PhD thesis, University of Chicago, USA
No author 1905. ‘In social circles’, The Minneapolis Journal, viewed online January 8, 2013, <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov>
Afable, P. & Quizon, C. 2004. ‘Rethinking Displays of Filipinos at St. Louis: Embracing Heartbreak and Irony’, Philippine Studies: World’s Fair 1904, vol. 52, no. 4. pp. 439-444
Bell, J. A. 2008. ‘Promiscuous Things: Perspectives on Cultural Property Through Photographs in the Purari Delta of Papua New Guinea’, International Journal of Cultural Property, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 123-139.
Taylor, P. M. 1998. ‘Interpreting Educardo Masferre’s photographs of the people of Highland Luzon’, Nos Otros: Anales del Museo Nacional de Anthropologia vol. 5, pp. 139-158.
Blake, M. 2013, Bansa.org, viewed December 12, 2012, <http://www.bansa.org/>
Fulton 2012, Uncle Sam, the Moros, and the Moro Campaigns: A Pictorial History from 1899 to 1920, viewed September 4, 2012, <http://morolandhistory.com/>
Grefalda, R., Cassinetto, A. and Langlois, G. 2011. ‘From the editor’s laptop – Mindanao Issue’, Our Own Voice, April, viewed 7 August 2012, http://www.ourownvoiceonline.com/laptop/editor2011-1.shtml
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Taylor, P. M. 2006, By Aeroplane to Pygmyland: Revisiting the 1926 Dutch and American Expedition to New Guinea, Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Editions, viewed September 27, 2012, <http://www.sil.si.edu/expeditions/1926/>